An exhibition of the photographer and architect Will Price, "Parallels. Wooden Architecture Yesterday, Today, and Everywhere," opened at the Schusev Museum of Architecture. Will Price told Life around about a green house and the future of wooden architecture in a big city.
Will price - In the past, an architect, now an architectural photographer. In 2005, he published the book Architecture in Wood, the result of many years of work around the world. On the cover of the book Russian Kizhi flaunt
I am absolutely sure that wooden architecture is suitable for a modern metropolis, even the largest.
- Will Price
I came to the topic of wooden architecture through the issue of climate change. He began to understand the details of the problem, the causes of carbon dioxide emissions, and realized that construction seriously affects the climate. Nevertheless, for some reason, society systematically violates all possible laws, worsening the situation daily. For example, we use not environmentally friendly materials for construction or we transport them across the country. So I started taking pictures of wooden architecture around the world and captured the centuries-old experience of building from wood.
I am absolutely sure that wooden architecture is suitable for a modern metropolis, even the largest. The wooden architecture has excellent technical characteristics, the tree is environmentally friendly. In addition, the wooden house harmoniously fits into the natural context.
The tree is universal. In your North it is several times colder than in the central part, but in the hut it is very warm. Smeared, wisely folded wooden walls hold heat, they themselves are its conductor. And somewhere in Thailand in a tropical, hot climate, people live in a wooden hut on stilts. There is a purged porch and slots between the boards. In this case, the opposite is true - a wooden house gives the necessary coolness. The tree holds heat and breathes beautifully. You see, it turns out that the material is the same, but the functions are different. Universally.
The Golden Pavilion (1397). Kyoto, Japan.
The world order of construction itself has broken down - individuality has disappeared in architecture. All business centers and large residential complexes are the same. What is the difference between high-rise buildings in London and those in Moscow? The difference is small. But after all, a wooden house of the 16th century in Japan and Pirogovo in the Moscow Region are completely different examples of wooden architecture. It is very interesting to shoot such objects, because you immediately understand their technical characteristics and purpose. I think we need to move away from the idea of globalization of architecture and again return to the roots. Moreover, all architectural forms came out of wooden architecture - all the bends, arches and domes. It's time to return to the roots, universalism is not good everywhere.
Wooden architecture has a chance of development in a residential construction environment. She has excellent technical characteristics, but people are afraid of fires in such houses. I believe that these are stereotypes imposed by concrete monoliths. Glass and concrete houses burn and burn as easily as wooden houses. The only minus is that you cannot build huge skyscrapers from a bar, but I think it’s quite 10 floors. But again the question is: do we need skyscrapers in a modern city? The problem is still in understanding.
Modern architecture takes a lot from the past. We must take and analyze our experience. At the exhibition, for example, projects from the past and projects of our time are compared. During work, I saw objects that stood several centuries in pristine condition - a powerful argument for those who consider wood to be fragile material. For example, in your North - Kizhi. I brought this ancient temple to the cover of my book, because for some reason it is not so famous in the world, but it should. This is a unique example of how you can firmly stack a wooden beam. But the main thing is that everything is mounted on wooden wedges.
Church of the Transfiguration of the Lord (1714). Kizhi, Karelia.
1.Traditional Thai house, Nakhon Pathom, Thailand, XIX century. Photo: Will Price 2. Country house, Moscow region, 2007. Photo: HONKA1. Bathing cabins, Brighton, Melbourne, Australia, the beginning of the twentieth century. Photo: Will Price 2. Building of Zavidkin cape, Moscow region, Pirogovo resort, Architect: Evgeny Ass ("architects ass"), 2005. Photo: Vladimir Paperny1. Hunter House, Newport, USA, 1748. Photo: Will Price 2. Villa Rahoj Alle, Hoybjerg, Denmark. Architects: C.F. Moller Architects, 2005 Photo: Julian Weyer1. Residential building, Amiens, France, XV century. Photo: Will Price 2. Residential building, France, architect Eric Pase, 2004. Photo: Eric Pace1. Intercession Church, Kizhi, Russia, 1764. Photo: Will Price 2. Motel, Moscow Region, Fox hole. Architect: Svetlana Golovina ("X.Y.Z."), 2007. Photo: Alexey Naroditsky1. Wat Yai Sculpture Repository, Samutsongkram, Thailand, 19th Century. Photo: Will Price 2. House-boathouse, Moscow region, Pirogovo resort. Architects: Totan Kuzembaev, Dmitry Minkevich (AM Totan Kuzembaev), 2002. Photo: Yuri Palmin1. Residential building from the village of Ryshevo Museum of wooden architecture "Vitoslavitsy", Novgorod, Russia 1882. Photo: Will Price 2. Community Center Villa Hoogvliet Hoogwlit, Holland. Architects: FAT (Fashion Architecture Taste) 2009. Photo Credit: Rob Parrish1. Staircase of the bell tower, Petajavesi, Finland. Architect: Jaakko Leppanen 1821. Photo: Will Price 2. Metamorfosis-1 Apartment Building, Casablanca, Chile. Architects: Jose Ulloa Davet, Dolphin Ding, 2008 Photo: José Ulloa Davet1. The bell tower of Todaiji, Japan. Architect: Eisai, 13th century. Photo: Will Price 2. Center Pompidou-Metz, Metz, France. Architect: Shigeru Ban 2010. Photo: Roland Halbe1. Hayloft, Nuedal, Norway After 1250. Photo: Will Price 2. Saray, Kaluga Region, der. Nikolo-Sloth. Architects: "Meganom Project", 2006. Photo: Julia Bychkova
Will Price's exhibition "Parallels. Wooden Architecture Yesterday, Today, and Everywhere" was organized by the ARCHIWOOD Award, the HONKA company, the Communication Rules PR agency, and with the support of the Pirogovo resort.
Portrait: Olya Eichenbaum
Event at Look At Me
The book "Architecture in a Tree" by Will Price on Ozon.ru