The Accounts Chamber and the Ministry of Labor have calculated how many able-bodied Russians do not pay taxes. The data is quoted by Izvestia.
14 400 000
Russians don't pay taxes and do not make deductions
to the pension fund
The Ministry of Labor refers these people to the shadow sector of the economy. At the same time, the shadow sector does not mean criminal activity, but small businesses in the areas of trade, construction, production and the services sector, whose owners hide their income from tax authorities.
Now the government is developing various measures to bring the Russians out of the "shadow". For example, in the framework of the tax reform, the idea of reducing insurance contributions to extrabudgetary funds from 30 to 21% is being discussed. In this case, it is proposed to increase VAT from 18 to 21%. Another way to solve this problem could be the introduction of a “parasitism tax”, the idea of which the government discussed in 2016. According to the intention of its authors, each formally non-working person should make monthly or annual deductions for using the social infrastructure of the state. The third proposal is to oblige employers to pay salaries only in non-cash form.
According to representatives of the Ministry of Finance, tax evasion by a huge number of people creates a number of serious problems for the state. In addition to the deterioration in the balance of the Pension Fund, they also include the need to bear social expenses for non-payers: they are paid a minimum pension upon reaching the age (even if they haven’t contributed a ruble to the system), and they also provide services in clinics.